Following the previous posts on the Islam religion, we will try to get today a bigger insight of this religion.
- Describe the historic foundation of the current fundamentalist “jihadi” movement.
Let me start by giving a definition of “jihadi”. Jihadism describe the Islamist militant movements which is perceived as a military movement “rooted in Islam” and “existentially threatening” to the West. Today, we write about the jihadism to refer to terrorist movements whose ideology is based on the notion of jihad. This movement started in the 20th century. It rose because they want to expand Islam and reach the realization of Islamic ideals. It is a constant struggle between the governments that do not work according to the Sharia and the Muslim who want everyone to follow it. The challenge is to learn how to live together and how the Muslim ideals can get along with the governments of today.
- What is sharia law? What are the main concerns of puritan fundamentalists when it comes to Islamic law?
Sharia law is the law of Islam. The Sharia law was written from the actions and words of Muhammad, which are called “Sunnah,” and the Quran, which he dictated. As a legal system, Sharia law is very wide. While other legal codes regulate public behavior, Sharia law regulates public behavior, private behavior and even private beliefs. Of all legal systems in the world today, Sharia law is the most intrusive and restrictive, especially against women. It is seen as a bad influence and law in most countries. Moreover, the Sharia dictates all human actions and puts them into five categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or forbidden. (http://www.billionbibles.org)
“Obligatory actions must be performed and when performed with good intentions are rewarded. The opposite is forbidden action. Recommended action is that which should be done and the opposite is disliked action. Permitted action is that which is neither encouraged nor discouraged. Most human actions fall in this last category.” (BBC.com)
The Sharia dictates rules of conduct for women and men.
I think the main concerns of puritan fundamentalists is how the Quran should be interpreted to be seen as a “true Muslim”. Indeed, some think that if you don’t follow correctly the Islamic Law then one cannot be considered as a Muslim. When others fundamentalist think that Islam should have its own country, some people argue as it is written in the Quran that Muslim can leave anywhere they want since their nationality doesn’t really matter.
2. Do you think Islamic law has always been consumed with “punishment?” What changed?
I think Islamic Law has not always been consumed with punishment. Mohammed said that it is not right to punish since not everyone is equal and therefore some people may do bad things in order to eat or drink. According to Mohammed, if the society one live in is equal and everyone has the same access to things then it would be acceptable to be punished.
3. What is “Islamic Feminism”? How is it different from “Western” or “Secular” feminism? Has “Islamic Feminism” been a useful tool for addressing gender inequalities within Islamic societies and communities abroad?
I have never heard about “Islamic Feminism” so after reading what Margot Badran wrote in From Islamic Feminism to a Muslim Holistic Feminism, apparently there are not many differences between Islamic Feminism and the “normal” Feminism, the latter can be called “Secular Feminism”. Both aim to have equal and better right for women compared to those of men. But before 1980, Islamic Feminism didn’t exist.
And i think it was useful in the way that if more people talk about it, they can reflect on it and then maybe change their views.
Indeed, some women started to read the Qur’an but this time to find and prove that the discrimination made against them in their society wasn’t right and fair.
We can conclude, that both forms of feminism have the same goal : equality of gender.